An infusion of color can transform a space or even an entire home. Experimenting can show off your personal style, but can be a little risky, as it’s not always easy to pick the perfect palette. Use these tips to get inspired, and begin thinking like a designer!
Understand the Basics
The best color for a space depends on light, textures, things you already own, and the way one room flows into the next.
When choosing a color, consider the lighting and how it shifts throughout the day. Even the type of light bulb you choose will change the look.
Navigate the Color Wheel
The color wheel is the best (and easiest) way to choose color schemes that work, for both beginners and experts.
The classic color wheel is made up of 12 different hues. These hues are classified into 3 categories:
- Primary colors (3) are the root of all colors and are the only hues that can’t be created by mixing any colors together (yellow, red, and blue).
- Secondary colors (3) are created by combining two primary colors to get either purple, green, or orange.
- Tertiary colors (6) come from mixing a primary color with its secondary color neighbors.
These 12 basic colors allow you to mix endless combinations of hues. Every combination can then be broken down for even more variety by adding to that color, like white (to tint), black (to shade), or grey (to create tones).
With these endless possibilities, how do you choose even one color, let alone a palette for your home? Try one of these:
Classic Color Combinations
Monochromatic Color Combination: Love a color—own it
One-color rooms are peaceful, allowing the eye to move easily without interruption by other colors. Contrast is created by using tints, shades, or tones of the same hue. In the examples, one hue is muted to a neutral, and then brightened up as an accent to keep it all in the family.
Analogous Color Combinations: The friendliest neighbors
Analogous colors lead to soft, transitioning palettes that blend and change seamlessly. Often resembling nature’s palettes—think of sunsets or ocean waves—an analogous color scheme is made up of two or more neighboring colors.
Complementary Color Combinations: Opposites attract
Choose two colors that are directly opposite each other on the wheel for a complementary color combination. The contrast creates interest and energy but remains sensible and pleasing to the eye.
Triadic Color Combinations: Equally balanced trios for the bold and vibrant
When strong contrast exists, balance is key. Choose three equally spaced colors on the wheel for a triadic color scheme, being careful to select one of the three as your main color and using the other two as accents.
Split Complementary Color Combinations: Almost opposites attract
This combination is pulled together from two (almost complementary) colors. Choose a base color, find its complement, and then choose the hue to the right or left of the base color’s complement. You’re left with more subtle contrast by not choosing a color’s exact opposite.
Practical Tips for Your Home
Blend Rather Than Match.
Every element in a chosen color shouldn’t match exactly. Use the entire family of tones, tints, and shades throughout the room (for example, a vase that’s a tint of the wall color). Variations keep rooms from looking overdesigned.
Neutralize for Balance.
Lots of brights? Add a neutral color to balance it out. Or start with a neutral scheme, and add pops of colorful accents.
Find a Pattern.
What about a favorite photo, piece of artwork, or sweater? Is there a pattern in the colors you are naturally drawn to? This will help you establish where you want to begin.
Brighten Dark Rooms.
In low-light rooms, shadows become distinct, making a space feel even darker. Choose a color that absorbs shadows to brighten it up. Contrary to what you may think, light colors won’t work; try a saturated, rich hue, like a jewel tone. Dark rooms allow you to experiment—even if the color looks too bright, super-saturated colors mellow in shadows.
Create Color Illusion.
Paint two adjacent rooms the same color to give the appearance of an open floor plan. Use the same colors and patterns in the master bedroom and bath to create an en suite feel.
Remember Existing Considerations.
Don’t forget to factor in woodwork, furniture, flooring, or countertops. Choose colors that will work with those elements already in place. The same advice can be said when choosing home accents and new furniture. Use our printable Color Guide as an on-the-go resource for your home’s color palette when you spot that perfect shade of fabric or other home accent.
Here’s What’s #Trending.
Choose a palette with Pantone’s Color of the Year, Rose Quartz and Serenity. Joined together, Rose Quartz and Serenity demonstrate an inherent balance between a warmer embracing rose tone and the cooler tranquil blue.
Tone down color schemes by adding white to create tints of bold colors. Even a primary palette can be muted enough to look elegant and not elementary.
Not Ready to Commit?
If you are worried about being overwhelmed by color, use it in smaller doses to accent rather than dominate. Accent with colorful accessories and artwork to see how much you enjoy living with a certain hue.
Need more help? Try these painting tips organized by the area of the home and the room.